What is Spinal Fracture >
A spinal fracture, also called a vertebral fracture, is a fracture affecting the vertebrae of the spinal column. Spinal fractures are common around the world and can have a major impact on quality of life. It can cause back pain, loss of appetite, sleep, or respiratory problems, etc. If not treated soon enough, they can even make carrying out daily tasks impossible.
Why do they need to be treated >
A spinal fracture occurs when a vertebral body collapses.
Spinal fracture tends to be very painful and, if left untreated, can adversely affect your general health and well-being.
Vertebral Compression Fracture >
A spinal fracture can occur after an accident. Traumas can be divided into two types:
• Low energy trauma: some diseases, such as osteoporosis or cancer, combined with a low-energy trauma, such as lifting an object or turning over in bed, can cause what are known as “fragility fractures” of the vertebrae.
• High energy trauma: road traffic accident, fall, sports, occupational accidents
Problems arising from fractures >
In addition to being extremely painful, a spinal fracture can affect your balance and therefore increase the risk of new spinal fracture. After an initial fracture, 5 new risks may arise. Each additional spinal fracture exacerbates the deformity of the spinal column, with an increased risk of the complications or reduced functional capacities indicated below:
Reduced mobility, loss of balance and increased risks of falls
Reduction in lung capacity
Chronic back pain and fatigue
Reduced appetite and sleeping problems
Depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem
A physical exam together with an X-ray, can help determine whether you have a spinal fracture.
1. Physical examination
Spinal fracture may be asymptomatic, but certain signs may alert your doctor :
Sudden severe or chronic back pain
2. X-Ray Test
Loss of weight
Curve in the shape of your spine
Imaging tests such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might be ordered to confirm the diagnosis of a spinal fracture.
Treatment Options >
1. Nonsurgical Treatment
Taking over-the-counter pain medication
(non-prescriptive medications & non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) for relieving pain
provides external support to limit the motion of fractured vertebrae
2. Surgical Treatment
This surgery procedure is intended for internal fracture reduction and fixation directly within the injured vertebral body.The surgery involves making two very thin incisions about one centimeter long, in your back and creates a narrow access path to the fractured vertebrae to insert two implants. The SpineJack® implants are inserted into the vertebrae and bone cement is injected to stabilize the fracture.
A surgery using small, minimally invasive incisions. Needles are inserted into the area of fractured vertebrae. Acrylic bone cement that hardens quickly are then injected into fractured vertebrae, stabilizing the spinal bone fragments which stabilizes the spine immediately.
This surgery uses small, minimally invasive incisions. A tube is inserted into the damaged vertebrae. A balloon is guided into the vertebrae, then inflated to create a cavity. The balloon is removed, and liquid bone cement is injected into the cavity. When the bone cement hardens, it corrects the bone deformity and relieves the pain associated with spinal compression fractures.
Spinal Fusion Surgery
This surgery uses metal screws that are placed through a small tube of bone and into the vertebrae. The screws are attached to metal plates or metal rods that are bolted together in the back of the spine. This procedure connects two or more vertebrae together, holding them in the correct position, and keep them from moving until they have a chance to grow together, or fuse.
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